Estimated Sulfur Dioxide Pollutant Concentrations In Medan City Using Ordinary Kriging and Inverse Distance Weighting Approaches
Keywords:Sulfur Dioxide, Air Quality, Ordinary Kriging, Inverse Distance Weighted, Pollution
Sulfur dioxide (SO2) pollution is a serious problem that negatively affects air quality and human health. So2 is generated by various human activities, especially the combustion of fossil fuels, as well as from natural sources such as volcanic eruptions. The emission of SO2 in urban areas, including Medan, Indonesia, has raised concerns as it is associated with respiratory diseases and the formation of acid rain. This research aimed to estimate comparative SO2 concentrations in Medan City using geostatistical methods, specifically ordinary kriging and inverse distance weighted (IDW). Air quality monitoring data from the Dinas Lingkungan Hidup Kota Medan were collected during a certain period. The collected data were analyzed and then interpolated using ordinary kriging and IDW methods. Furthermore, the Ordinary Kriging method involves testing the OK assumption, calculation of the experimental semivariogram, calculation of the theoretical semivariogram, structural analysis, and calculation of Root Mean Square Error (RMSE). Meanwhile, the Inverse Distance Weighted method involves calculating the Euclidean distance, determining the weights based on the power parameter, calculating the RMSE value, and estimating the SO2 concentration. The comparison results show that the OK method is more accurate in determining SO2 concentration compared to the IDW method in Medan City. In the estimation of sulfur dioxide (SO2) concentration, the OK method used the best theoretical semivariogram model, namely the exponential model, and in the estimation process of the IDW method, the power parameter 1 was used.
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Copyright (c) 2023 Ayu Isnaini Fatmawati, Riri Syafitri Lubis
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